I believe that the past or the origins of something is just that, the past; what it used to be. However, I also believe that it is important to know the origins, history, or past of something. Especially if that something is common place in the present. Speaking of “knowing the origins of something” can easily get me worked up into a diatribe on religion but I won’t do that here, seeing as I have already done so else where on my site. I write today in an attempt to expose the hidden history of some common place things so that we can better understand the intended purpose of these things. In exposing history, I hope to change the reader’s view of the
mentioned commonplace things.
The S.A.T was Intended to Discriminate Against Non-Whites Recently, while listening to NPR’s Writer’s Almanac, I was deeply disturbed by something I heard. I was even more disturbed by the casual nature in the reading of what I heard, as if what was common knowledge. The host read a brief piece on the history of the Scholastic Aptitude Test (S.A.T) in which he stated ” A Columbia University dean worried that the high numbers of recent immigrants and their children would make the school “socially uninviting to students who come from homes of refinement,” and its president described the 1917 freshman class as “depressing in the extreme,” lamenting the absence of “boys of old American stock.” These college officials believed that immigrants had less innate intelligence than old-blooded Americans, and hoped that they would score lower on aptitude tests, which would give the schools an excuse to admit fewer of them…In 1925, the College Board began to use a new, multiple-choice test, designed by a Princeton psychology professor named Carl Brigham, who had modeled it on his work with Army intelligence tests. This new test was known as the Scholastic Aptitude Test.” Upon hearing that I immediately began to research the claim and found that it was indeed true. The S.A.T. was created by Carl C. Brigham and first administered in 1901. Brigham’s published a plethora of very racist statements in regards to aptitude and race. He specifically used his “findings”, the most notable of them entitled “A Study of American Intelligence”, as a basis of the creation of what we now commonly refer to as the S.A.T. Below I have collected the most telling parts of the previously mentioned publication.
And as to the possibility of a cross between races in the future. Professor Conklin writes: “Even if we are horrified by the thought, we cannot hide the fact that all present signs point to an intimate commingling of all existing human types within the next five or ten thousand years at most…Our own data from the army tests indicate clearly the intellectual superiority of the Nordic race group. This superiority is confirmed by observation of this race in history. The Alpine race, according to our figures, which are supported by historical evidence, seems to be considerably below the Nordic type intellectually…We must face a possibility of racial admixture here that is infinitely worse than that faced by any European country today, for we are incorporating the negro into our racial stock, while all of Europe is comparatively free from this taint…The steps that should be taken to preserve or increase our present intellectual capacity must of course be dictated by science and not by political expediency. Immigration should not only be restrictive but highly selective. And the revision of the immigration and naturalization laws will only afford a slight relief from our present difficulty. The really important steps are those looking toward the prevention of the continued propagation of defective strains in the present population. If all immigration were stopped now, the decline of American intelligence would still be inevitable…According to all evidence available, then, American intelligence is- declining, and will proceed with an accelerating rate as the racial admixture becomes more and more extensive. The decline of American intelligence will be more rapid than the decline of the intelligence of European national groups, owing to the presence here of the negro. These are the plain, if somewhat ugly, facts that our study shows. The deterioration of American intelligence is not inevitable, however, if public action can be aroused to prevent it. There is no reason why legal steps should not be taken which would insure a continuously progressive upward evolution…
I believe this to be very significant and impacting because the S.A.T. is still highly debated as discriminatory, especially against blacks/African-Americans. And the S.A.T. is the most common standard for college admission today. This group in particular, drawing from his words, seemed to be the most inferior race.
Stone Mountain was the Meeting Ground and Mark of the Second Incarnation of the Ku Klux Klan
I learned of this tidbit of knowledge in my U.S. History class at Georgia State University. Again, I take the LeVar Burton, Reading Rainbow, approach […but don’t just take my word for it] when I hear of stuff like this. So I set out to do my research and found that it was true. Stone Mountain, and Stone Mountain,Ga was originally established as the new “mecca” and meeting ground for the Ku Klux Klan before the state of Georgia bought the property and is now a “Family Friendly” place. Click on the picture to see more. Life magazine covered a picture bio of the Klan at one of their initiations on Stone Mountain.
Margaret Sanger is credited with being the Mother of Women’s Reproductive Rights, but her true intentions are glazed over. Margaret Sanger was an outspoken eugenicist, racist, and segregationist. She fought very hard for women to have the rights to their reproductive organs, which at the time was unheard of, but with the intention of keeping the black population from growing in America. She is quoted as having said “We should hire three or four colored ministers, preferably with social-service backgrounds, and with engaging personalities. The most successful educational approach to the Negro is through a religious appeal. We don’t want the word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population, and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.” Woman, Morality, and Birth Control. New York: New York Publishing Company, 1922. Page 12.” Click on her picture to see more quotes proving Sanger’s intentions.
These commonplace things have anchored themselves in our lives in some form or fashion, and it would seem that all is well that ends well. However, we could have come to these same results without the murky past. It may have taken longer to do so, but I think we would be better off as a society. The past associated with these things sullies the whole of the matter.
© Stephen R. Freshley and wordbending, 2014. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Stephen R. Freshley and Word Bending a secret but not so secret blog with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.